Environmental Risks of Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (MCCPs): A Review
Chlorinated paraffins are industrial chemicals that can be subdivided
into short-chain (SCCP), medium-chain (MCCP), and long-chain (LCCP) chlorinated paraffins.
The global production volumes of MCCPs are
nowadays suspected to be much higher than those of S- and LCCPs, and the
few available studies on the environmental occurrence of chlorinated
paraffins report often higher MCCP concentrations than S- or LCCP
concentrations in the environment.
The present review focuses,
therefore, on MCCPs specifically and provides a literature overview and a
data analysis of the production volumes, PBT properties (persistence,
bioaccumulation potential, and toxicity), and the worldwide measured
concentrations of MCCP in environmental samples, biota, and humans.
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