- January 30, 2018
- EU Commission
Sustainable use of pesticides | Final report on a fact-finding mission carried out in Sweden
CONCLUSIONS - Sweden has had action programmes to reduce the use of chemical pesticides since the 1980s.
The current National Action Plan focuses on reducing the risks associated with, and
dependency on, pesticides. It establishes clear objectives, with specific targets in some cases.
The first formal review of the current plan is on-going, and is expected to be concluded by
the end of 2017. Therefore, it cannot yet be determined whether the objectives of the plan
have been achieved. Nevertheless, the risks to human health and the environment associated
with pesticides in Sweden are low by historic standards, and remain stable against a backdrop
of increasing use in recent years.
The Competent Authorities have taken a range of measures to implement the Directive. These
include systems for training professional users and distributors, and for testing pesticide
application equipment. Aerial spraying has been prohibited, and no derogations have been
granted to date. Measures have been put in place to protect the aquatic environment and
drinking water, and data from the monitoring of municipal water supplies demonstrates high
levels of compliance with drinking water quality standards.
The Swedish approach to Integrated Pest Management is based around training and
education, with a focus on sustainable agriculture in general, rather than on plant protection
in particular. There is independent, publicly-funded information available to guide
professional users in Integrated Pest Management. The Competent Authorities believe that
the vast majority of professional users implement the principles of Integrated Pest
Management, however there is no systematic assessment of implementation of the eight
principles of IPM as described in Annex III of the SUD.
The report highlights a number of good practices identified in the course of the mission, such
as an extensive pest monitoring system. In addition, both the Competent Authorities and
other interested parties identified potential obstacles to the sustainable use of pesticides such
as the lack of applied research under Swedish conditions to facilitate professional users in the
implementation of Integrated Pest Management and difficulties in assessing the
implementation of Integrated Pest Management.
ULL REPORT AVAILABLE ON ec.europa.eu