On April 7, 2023, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MOEF) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to enhance environmental cooperation between the two countries. The MOU aims to strengthen bilateral cooperation on environmental protection and climate action, establishing a framework for collaboration on a range of environmental issues, including climate change, air quality management, water quality management, waste management, environmental education, and environmental law enforcement. The MOU also aims to promote technical exchanges and information sharing between the two countries. The partnership builds on the existing U.S.-Indonesia Strategic Partnership, which was established in 2015 to elevate bilateral relations to a higher level. Both countries have ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change, and the MOU supports its implementation. The U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia, Sung Kim, stated that the MOU will expand collaboration on environmental pollution issues to help both countries achieve their objectives of improving air quality, waste management, water sanitation, and reducing plastic pollution. The MOEF Minister, Siti Nurbaya, expressed her desire to work with the EPA to implement concrete actions that will benefit both countries and the planet.