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OECD | PFASs and alternatives in cosmetics: report on commercial availability and current uses

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This report examines the commercial availability and current uses of PFASs and alternatives in cosmetics, as well as their market penetration, feasibility, effectiveness and cost.

Thirty-six PFASs (polymeric and non-polymeric) were identified as intentionally added to cosmetics. PFASs provide a wide range of functions in cosmetic products, acting as hair and skin conditioning agents, emulsifiers, stabilisers, oil and water-resistant agents, lubricants, bulking agents and/or oil-resistant surfactants.

Technically and economically feasible alternatives to intentionally used PFASs in cosmetic products are widely available on the market, which implies a high substitution potential. However, stakeholders have indicated that substituting PFASs in cosmetics often requires the entire product reformulation to provide the same functionalities to the product, and like-for-like ‘drop-in’ replacements are unlikely to happen.


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