- September 7, 2020
- EU Commission
"Critical Raw Materials Resilience: Charting a Path towards greater Security and Sustainability" | Communication from EU Commission to Parliament
Metals, minerals and natural materials are part of our daily lives. Those raw materials that are most important economically and have a high supply risk are called critical raw materials. Critical raw materials are essential to the functioning and integrity of a wide range of industrial ecosystems. Tungsten makes phones vibrate. Gallium and indium are part of light-emitting diode (LED) technology in lamps. Semiconductors need silicon metal. Hydrogen fuel cells and electrolysers need platinum group metals.
Access to resources is a strategic security question for Europe’s ambition to deliver the Green
Deal. The new industrial strategy for Europe proposes to reinforce Europe’s open strategic
autonomy, warning that Europe’s transition to climate neutrality could replace today’s
reliance on fossil fuels with one on raw materials, many of which we source from abroad and
for which global competition is becoming more fierce. The EU’s open strategic autonomy in
these sectors will therefore need to continue to be anchored in diversified and undistorted
access to global markets for raw materials . At the same time, and in order to decrease
external dependencies and environmental pressures, the underlying problem of rapidly
increasing global resources demand needs to be addressed by reducing and reusing materials
before recycling them.
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